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Avicennia germinans (L.) L.
Black mangrove

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Avicenniaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Southeastern United States, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and western Africa.

Map of Florida Locations

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images and click on the Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants link below for more images. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Synonyms: A. oblongifolia.

Other data on Avicennia germinans available from :

Avicennia germinans has been found in the following 91 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Attwood Addition, Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Barefoot Beach Preserve Present Native
Beachwalk Pasley Park Present Native
Big Cypress National Preserve Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park Present Native
Biscayne National Park Present Native
Black Point Park and Marina Present Native
Blowing Rocks Preserve Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Bocilla Preserve Present Native
Bonair Beach Parcel, Martin County Present Native
Caloosahatchee Creeks Preserve Present Native
Cape Romano - Ten Thousand Islands Aquatic Preserve Present Native
Cayo Costa State Park Present Native
Cedar Point Environmental Park Present Native
Chapman Field Park Present Native
Collier-Seminole State Park Present Native
Crandon Park Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Daskas Present Native
Deering Estate at Cutler Present Native
Delnor-Wiggins Pass State Park Present Native
Don Pedro Island State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Dry Tortugas National Park Present Native
Estero Bay Preserve State Park Present Native
Everglades National Park Present Native
Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park Present Native
Frenchman's Forest Natural Area Present Native
Gasparilla Island Conservation and Improvement Association tract A
Gasparilla Island State Park Present Native
Gomez Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Greynolds Park Present Native
Highland Oaks Park Present Native
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Homestead Bayfront Park Present Native
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park Present Native
Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
John D. MacArthur Beach State Park Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
John U. Lloyd Beach State Park Present Native
Jonathan Dickinson State Park Present Native
Juno Dunes Natural Area Present Native
Jupiter Ridge Natural Area Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Kitchen Key
Lake San Pedro Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Lemon Bay Aquatic Preserve Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Little Hamaca Park Present Native
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Lovers Key State Park Present Native
Mangrove Preserve Present Native
Matanzas Pass Preserve Present Native
Matheson Hammock Park Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Anderson, Lipchak, 3112 Parcels, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Parcel 3063, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Mound Key Archaeological State Park Present Native
Muscara Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Oleta River State Park Present Native
Peck Lake Park Present Native
R. Hardy Matheson Preserve Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Red Reef Park Present Native
Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve Present Native
Seabranch Preserve State Park Present Native
Secret Woods Buffer and Nature Center Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
St. Lucie Inlet Preserve State Park Present Native
Stump Pass Beach State Park Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
The Barnacle State Historic Park Present Native
Tigertail Beach County Park Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Twin Rivers Present Native
Virginia Key Beach Park and Marine Stadium Present Native
Vizcaya Museum and Gardens Present Native
Wahoo Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
West Lake Park/Anne Kolb Nature Center Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native

Avicennia germinans has been found in the following 9 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Broward County Native
Charlotte County Native
Collier County Native
Lee County Native
Martin County Native
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native
Monroe County (Mainland) Native
Palm Beach County

Avicennia germinans has been found in the following 4 habitats :
Beach Dune
Coastal Interdunal Swale
Tidal Marsh
Tidal Swamp

All Images:

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Chuck McCartney
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Susan Trammell
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee