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National Key Deer Refuge

County: Monroe County (Keys)
Size: 8649.34 acres
Latitude: 24.672113º Longitude: -81.356946º
Managing Agency: United States Fish and Wildlife Service

There are 527 taxa reported for
National Key Deer Refuge

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Abelmoschus esculentus Reported 14833
Abildgaardia ovata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593 2646
Abutilon permolle Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Acalypha chamaedrifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Acanthocereus tetragonus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Acrostichum aureum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Acrostichum danaeifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Agalinis fasciculata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Agalinis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16623
Agalinis obtusifolia Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833 20298
Agave americana Reported 15193
Agave decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Agave sisalana Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Formerly Cultivated 14833
Ageratum maritimum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 2925
Albizia lebbeck Reported 14833
Aletris bracteata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810 2935
Aloe vera Reported 14833
Alternanthera flavescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Amaranthus hybridus Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Amaranthus spinosus Reported 14833
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Reported 14833
Ambrosia hispida Reported 14833
Ammannia latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Amyris elemifera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 3490
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Andropogon longiberbis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Andropogon ternarius Reported 14833
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Anemia adiantifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Angadenia berteroi Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Annona glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Ardisia escallonioides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Argythamnia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Aristida purpurascens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Arundo donax Reported 14833
Asclepias viridis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Asparagus aethiopicus Reported 14833
Asparagus officinalis Reported 14833
Asparagus setaceus Reported 14833
Atriplex cristata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16623
Avicennia germinans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Ayenia euphrasiifolia Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 51270
Baccharis angustifolia Reported 14833
Baccharis halimifolia Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Bacopa monnieri Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Basiphyllaea corallicola Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 18618 18618
Batis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Bletia purpurea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Blutaparon vermiculare Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Boerhavia erecta Possibly Extirpated Assumed to be Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Borrichia arborescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Borrichia frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Borrichia x cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Bothriochloa pertusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Bourreria cassinifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 22677
Bourreria succulenta Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Buchnera americana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Bursera simaruba Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Byrsonima lucida Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Caesalpinia bonduc Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Caesalpinia pauciflora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 51270
Cajanus cajan Reported 14833
Cakile lanceolata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Calyptranthes pallens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Canavalia rosea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Canella winterana Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Capraria biflora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Reported 14833
Capsicum frutescens Doubtfully Present 14833
Carica papaya Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Carissa macrocarpa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21590
Casasia clusiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Cassytha filiformis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Casuarina equisetifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Catesbaea parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 18605
Catharanthus roseus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 21590
Cenchrus echinatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Cenchrus gracillimus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 51270
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Centella asiatica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Centrosema virginianum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Ceratophyllum muricatum subsp. australe Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 17069
Cereus repandus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced
Chamaecrista lineata var. keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Chaptalia albicans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Chiococca alba Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Chiococca parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Chromolaena odorata Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Chrysobalanus icaco Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Chrysophyllum oliviforme Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Cirsium horridulum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Cissus trifoliata Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Citharexylum spinosum Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Citrus x aurantiifolia Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14833
Cladium jamaicense Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Clitoria ternatea var. ternatea Reported 15193
Clusia rosea Reported 14833
Cnidoscolus stimulosus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Coccoloba diversifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 3496
Coccoloba uvifera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Coccothrinax argentata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Cocos nucifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14810
Colubrina arborescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 16623
Colubrina asiatica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Commelina erecta Reported 14833
Conocarpus erectus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 3498
Conoclinium coelestinum Doubtfully Present 14809
Consolea corallicola Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 21590
Conyza canadensis Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 14809
Cordia sebestena Present Native Not Introduced Native 16626
Coreopsis leavenworthii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Crossopetalum ilicifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Crossopetalum rhacoma Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Crotalaria incana Reported 14833
Crotalaria pumila Reported 15193
Crotalaria rotundifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Croton humilis Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 20813 20813
Croton linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Cupania glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21590
Cynophalla flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Cyperus compressus Reported 14833
Cyperus elegans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Cyperus fuligineus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Cyperus ligularis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Cyperus odoratus Reported 14833
Cyperus ovatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Cyperus planifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Cyperus polystachyos Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Cyperus squarrosus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 23692
Cyperus tetragonus Reported 14833
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Delonix regia Reported 14833
Desmanthus virgatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Desmodium incanum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Desmodium tortuosum Reported 14833
Desmodium triflorum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14810
Dichanthelium dichotomum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Dichanthelium portoricense Reported 14833
Dicliptera sexangularis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Digitaria bicornis Reported Not Cultivated 14833
Digitaria ciliaris Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Digitaria filiformis var. dolichophylla Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Digitaria insularis Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Diospyros virginiana Reported 14833
Distichlis spicata Present Native Not Introduced Native 16625
Dodonaea elaeagnoides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810 3484
Drypetes diversifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 16626
Drypetes lateriflora Reported 14833
Dyschoriste angusta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 51270
Echites umbellatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Eleocharis atropurpurea Recorded as Present in Error Null #PlantsByConsArea("InvasiveStatus")# Null 14833
Eleocharis cellulosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Eleocharis geniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593 3494
Eleusine indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Emilia fosbergii Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Encyclia tampensis Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Eragrostis amabilis Reported 14833
Eragrostis ciliaris Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Eragrostis elliottii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Erigeron quercifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated
Eriochloa michauxii var. michauxii Reported 14833
Erithalis fruticosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 16625 3491
Ernodea littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Erythrina herbacea Reported 14833
Eugenia axillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Eugenia foetida Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Eupatorium capillifolium Reported 14833
Euphorbia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Euphorbia conferta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Euphorbia cordifolia Recorded as Present in Error 14833
Euphorbia cyathophora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Euphorbia deltoidea subsp. serpyllum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Euphorbia garberi Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Euphorbia heterophylla Reported 14833
Euphorbia hirta Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Euphorbia hypericifolia Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Euphorbia hyssopifolia Reported 14833
Euphorbia lactea Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 21590
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Euphorbia pergamena Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810 2597
Euphorbia pinetorum Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Euphorbia porteriana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16623 3493
Euphorbia tirucalli Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 21590
Eustachys glauca Recorded as Present in Error 14809
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Evolvulus alsinoides var. alsinoides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Evolvulus convolvuloides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 8561
Evolvulus grisebachii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Evolvulus sericeus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810 4548
Exostema caribaeum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Exothea paniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Ficus aurea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Ficus citrifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Fimbristylis caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 52133
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Fimbristylis spadicea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Flaveria bidentis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced 14780
Flaveria linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Flaveria trinervia Reported 14833
Forestiera segregata Reported 14833
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Gaillardia pulchella Reported 14833
Galactia parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Galactia pinetorum Doubtfully Present 15348
Galactia striata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Galium bermudense Reported 14833
Gossypium hirsutum Present Native Not Introduced Native 16624
Guapira discolor Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Guettarda elliptica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Guettarda scabra Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Gyminda latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810 3489
Gymnanthes lucida Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16626
Habenaria quinqueseta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Halodule wrightii Reported 14833
Hamelia patens var. patens Reported 14833
Harrisia fragrans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Helianthus annuus Reported 14833
Heliotropium angiospermum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Heliotropium polyphyllum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Herissantia crispa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Heterosavia bahamensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 3485 3485
Hibiscus poeppigii Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809 8127
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Reported 14833
Hibiscus tiliaceus var. tiliaceus Reported 15193
Hippomane mancinella Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Hymenocallis latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Hypelate trifoliata Reported 14833
Hypericum hypericoides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated
Hypoxis wrightii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Indigofera miniata var. florida Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Indigofera tinctoria Reported 14833
Ipomoea alba Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Ipomoea batatas Reported 14833
Ipomoea indica Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Ipomoea sagittata Reported 14833
Ipomoea triloba Reported 14833
Ipomoea violacea Reported 14833
Iresine diffusa Reported 14833
Iva imbricata Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Jacquemontia pentanthos Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Jacquinia keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 16626 1824
Juncus roemerianus Reported 14833
Kalanchoe daigremontiana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Kalanchoe delagoensis Reported 14833
Krugiodendron ferreum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Laguncularia racemosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Lantana camara Reported 15193
Lantana involucrata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Lasiacis divaricata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Launaea intybacea Reported 14833
Lepidium virginicum Reported 14833
Leptochloa dubia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis Reported 14833
Leucaena leucocephala Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21590
Leucothrinax morrisii Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Liatris tenuifolia var. quadriflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Liatris tenuifolia var. tenuifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 14833
Licania michauxii Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Limonium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Linum arenicola Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Livistona chinensis Reported 14833
Lobelia glandulosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Ludwigia curtissii Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 20895 20895
Ludwigia microcarpa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Ludwigia repens Reported 14833
Lycium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Lysiloma latisiliquum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15193
Lythrum lineare Reported 14833
Macroptilium lathyroides Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Malvastrum corchorifolium Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14809
Malvaviscus arboreus Reported 14833
Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590 1825
Manilkara zapota Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590 3486
Maytenus phyllanthoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Mecardonia acuminata subsp. peninsularis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Mecardonia procumbens Present Native Not Introduced 15210
Melaleuca quinquenervia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14833
Melanthera nivea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Melanthera parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Melia azedarach Reported 14833
Melicoccus bijugatus Reported 14833
Melinis repens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Melothria pendula Reported 14833
Metastelma blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593 1796
Metastelma northropiae Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Metopium toxiferum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Mikania scandens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Mitreola petiolata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Mitreola sessilifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Momordica charantia Reported 14833
Monanthochloe littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Morinda royoc Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 2603
Mosiera longipes Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Muhlenbergia capillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Musa x paradisiaca Reported 14833
Myrica cerifera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Myriopus volubilis Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Myrsine cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Nephrolepis exaltata Reported 14833
Neptunia pubescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Nerium oleander Reported 14833
Nicotiana tabacum Reported 14833
Ocimum campechianum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Oenothera simulans Reported 14833
Opuntia abjecta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 52164
Opuntia humifusa Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Opuntia ochrocentra Present Native Not Introduced Native 21591
Opuntia stricta Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Orthosia scoparia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Panicum amarum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Panicum dichotomiflorum var. bartowense Reported 14833
Panicum maximum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Panicum rigidulum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Panicum tenerum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated
Panicum virgatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593 3495
Parietaria floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Parkinsonia aculeata Reported 14833
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Paspalidium chapmanii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Paspalum blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated
Paspalum caespitosum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Paspalum distichum Doubtfully Present 14833
Paspalum laxum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 4550
Paspalum monostachyum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Paspalum notatum Reported 14833
Paspalum setaceum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Paspalum vaginatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Pectis glaucescens Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Penstemon multiflorus Present Native Not Introduced 37446
Pentalinon luteum Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Persea americana Reported 14833
Persea palustris Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Phlebodium aureum Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Phoenix dactylifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Phoenix reclinata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21593
Phyla nodiflora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Phyllanthus amarus Reported 14833
Phyllanthus pentaphyllus var. floridanus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Physalis angulata Reported 14833
Physalis angustifolia Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Physalis pubescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Physalis walteri Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated
Pilea herniarioides Reported 14833
Pilea microphylla Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Pilosocereus polygonus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Pinguicula pumila Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Pinus elliottii var. densa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Piriqueta cistoides subsp. caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Piscidia piscipula Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Pisonia aculeata Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Pisonia rotundata Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Pithecellobium keyense Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Pityopsis graminifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Pityrogramma trifoliata Reported 14833
Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana Reported 14833
Pluchea baccharis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Pluchea carolinensis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21593
Pluchea foetida Recorded as Present in Error Null #PlantsByConsArea("InvasiveStatus")# Null 14833
Pluchea odorata Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Plumeria obtusa Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Assumed to be Introduced Assumed to be Invasive 18296 18296
Polygala balduinii Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Polygala boykinii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 1831
Polygala violacea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Polypremum procumbens Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Portulaca oleracea Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Invasive 21590
Portulaca rubricaulis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Proserpinaca palustris Reported 14833
Psidium guajava Reported 14833
Psilotum nudum Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Psychotria nervosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Pteridium caudatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Pteris bahamensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Pteris vittata Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 14833
Pterocaulon pycnostachyum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Punica granatum Reported 14833
Quadrella cynophallophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Randia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Rayjacksonia phyllocephala Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16626 3492
Reynosia septentrionalis Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Rhabdadenia biflora Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Rhizophora mangle Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Rhus copallinum Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Rhynchosia cinerea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Rhynchosia minima Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Rhynchosia parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Rhynchospora colorata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Rhynchospora divergens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Rhynchospora floridensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593 1863
Rhynchospora microcarpa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Ricinus communis Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14833
Rivina humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Ruellia ciliatiflora Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14810
Ruellia succulenta Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Ruppia maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Sabal palmetto Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Sabatia stellaris Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Saccharum officinarum Assumed to be Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14833
Sachsia polycephala Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Sagittaria lancifolia Reported 14833
Salicornia bigelovii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Samolus ebracteatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Samolus valerandi subsp. parviflorus Reported 14833
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Sarcocornia perennis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Schinus terebinthifolius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Schizachyrium gracile Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Schizachyrium rhizomatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Schizachyrium sanguineum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Schoenus nigricans Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Scleria lithosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Scleria verticillata Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Scutellaria havanensis Reported 14833
Senna ligustrina Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Senna mexicana var. chapmanii Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Serenoa repens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Sesbania herbacea Assumed to be Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14833
Sesbania sericea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive Not Cultivated 21590
Sesuvium maritimum Present Native Not Introduced Native 16624
Sesuvium portulacastrum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Setaria macrosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Setaria magna Reported 14833
Setaria parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Setaria pumila Reported 14833
Seutera angustifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590 1898
Sida abutifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Sida acuta Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 14810
Sida ciliaris Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Sida elliottii Reported 14833
Sida rhombifolia Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14809
Sideroxylon celastrinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 21593
Sideroxylon salicifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Simarouba glauca Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Sisyrinchium nashii Present Native Not Introduced
Smilax auriculata Doubtfully Present 16623
Smilax havanensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Solanum americanum Reported 14833
Solanum bahamense Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Solanum donianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 16625
Solanum erianthum Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native 14833
Solanum lycopersicum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive 21590
Solidago stricta Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Sonchus oleraceus Reported 14833
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Sorghastrum secundum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Spartina bakeri Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16624
Spartina patens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Spartina spartinae Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16626
Spermacoce keyensis Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Spermacoce neoterminalis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Spermacoce prostrata Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Spermacoce tetraquetra Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Spermacoce verticillata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Sphenomeris clavata Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Spigelia anthelmia Reported 14833
Spiranthes torta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21865 20100
Sporobolus domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Sporobolus pyramidalis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 2633
Stenaria nigricans var. floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Stenotaphrum secundatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21590
Strumpfia maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810 20293
Stylosanthes calcicola Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810 4547
Stylosanthes hamata Present Native Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Suaeda linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Suriana maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Swietenia mahagoni Present Not Native, Naturalized Not Introduced Invasive 15348
Symphyotrichum adnatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 51270
Symphyotrichum bahamense Reported 14833
Symphyotrichum concolor Present Native Not Introduced Native 14810
Symphyotrichum dumosum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 16624
Syringodium filiforme Reported 14833
Tamarindus indica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 21590 3488
Terminalia catappa Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14833
Thalassia testudinum Reported 14833
Thelypteris kunthii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Thespesia populnea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21590
Thrinax radiata Present Native Not Introduced Native 16626
Tillandsia balbisiana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Tillandsia flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Tillandsia paucifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Tillandsia recurvata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Tillandsia utriculata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Tournefortia gnaphalodes Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590
Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Tragia saxicola Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Trema micrantha Reported 14833
Trianthema portulacastrum Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Tribulus cistoides Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14833
Tridax procumbens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 21590
Tripsacum floridanum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14810
Turnera ulmifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive 21590
Typha domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21593
Uniola paniculata Reported 14833
Urochloa adspersa Reported 14833
Urochloa fusca Reported 14833
Vachellia farnesiana var. farnesiana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14833
Vachellia farnesiana var. pinetorum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590 3487
Vachellia macracantha Reported 14833
Vallesia antillana Present Native Not Introduced Native 21590 1149
Vanilla barbellata Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Varronia bullata subsp. humilis Reported 14833
Vernonia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 14833
Vigna luteola Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14809
Vitis rotundifolia Reported 14833
Vittaria lineata Reported 14833
Waltheria indica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Washingtonia robusta Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21593
Ximenia americana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Youngia japonica Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 14809
Zamia furfuracea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive
Zanthoxylum fagara Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 21590
Zeuxine strateumatica Reported 14833
Zoysia matrella var. pacifica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced


References for National Key Deer Refuge:
Austin, D.F., C.E. Nauman, and B.E. Tatje. 1980. Checklist of the plants in the Key Deer National Refuge. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 19_ - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 19_ - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Big Pine Key Botanical Society. 1992. Preliminary check list of vascular plants: Cactus Hammock: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, west side - Long Beach Road, Big Pine Key, Monroe County, Florida. Prepared: August 17th,1987.
Bradley, K.A. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at Cactus Hammock, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County. The Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. 2005. Observations of Vascular Plants on Big Pine Key, including National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 2005. The Institute for Regioanal Conservation, Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2001. Observations of vascular plants at Cactus Hammock and Long Beach, Big Pine Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 27 June 2001. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2001. Observations of vascular plants at Watson Hammock area, Big Pine Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 27 June 2001. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2001. Personal observations of vascular plants at Cactus Hammock and Long Beach, Big Pine Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 27 June 2001. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2001. Personal observations of vascular plants at Watson Hammock area, Big Pine Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 27 June 2001. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Dickson III, J.D., R.O. Woodbury, and T.R. Alexander. 1953. Check list of flora of Big Pine Key, Florida and surrounding Keys. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 16(3): 181-197.
Gann, G.D. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at the National Key Deer Refuge, Big Pine Key, Monroe County, Florida. 4 May 2000. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Annette Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 22 November 1996. Insititute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Howe Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 22 November 1996. Insititute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Little Pine Key, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 22 November 1996. Insititute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 4 April 1996. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at the Johnson Keys, National Key Deer Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 22 November 1996. Insititute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Hammer, R.L. 1992. Checklist of vascular plants, Cactus Hammock, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Big Pine Key, Monroe County, Florida. February 1992. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Kruer, C.R. 1992. An assessment of Florida’s Remaining Coastal Upland Natural Communities: Florida Keys. Tallahassee: Florida Natural Areas Inventory.
Miller, C., C. Anderson, N. Reyor. 2014. Observations of Opuntia triacanthos at National Key Deer Refuge on April 29-30, 2014. Email Communication 05/05/2014.
O'Brien, J.J. 1991. Plants endemic to South Florida found on the Boss or Terrestris properties. Letter to R. Tate. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
O'Brien, Joseph J. 2001. Personal communication with Keith Bradley on February 13, 2001.
Weiner, A., and S. Lazell. 1979. Survey Report for Little Pine Key. In Weiner, A. 1980. Florida Keys Hardwood Hammock Project Survey Report. Little Pine Key, Monroe County, Florida.
Weiner, Art H. 1980. The Hardwood Hammocks of the Florida Keys: An Ecological Study (1977-1986). The National Audubon Society.
Williams, Ann, 1989. Vegetation survey for: Lot 10 Block 3, Tropical key Colony, Big Pine Key. Rescue Site #1103.
Williams, T.A. 2001. Personal communication on 18 March 2001 via email. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.


Vouchers for National Key Deer Refuge:
Bradley 259, FTG
Bradley 260, FTG
Bradley 262, FTG
Bradley 263, FTG
Bradley 264, FTG
Brockmann 28, FSU
Carlton s.n. USF.
Correll & Correll 54054, USF
Craighead s.n., FTG
Gann & Bradley 532, FTG
Gann & Bradley 534, FTG
Gann & Bradley 537, FTG
Gann & Bradley 538, FTG
Gann & Bradley 546, FTG
Gann & Bradley 556, FTG
Gann & Bradley 557, FTG
Gann & Bradley 558, FTG
Gann & Bradley 566, FTG
Gann & Bradley 865, FTG
Gann & Bradley 866, FTG
Gann & Bradley 867, FTG
Gann & Bradley 868, FTG
Gann & Bradley 869, FTG
Gann & Bradley 870, FTG
Gann & Bradley 871, FTG
Gann & Bradley 872, FTG
Gann & Bradley 873, FTG
Gann & Bradley 874, FTG
Gann & Bradley 875, FTG
Gann & Bradley 876, FTG
Gann & Bradley 877, FTG
Gann & Bradley 878, FTG
Gann & Bradley 879, FTG
Herndon 2017, FTG
Hilsenbeck & Hilsenbeck 527, USF
Hilsenbeck & Hilsenbeck 531, USF
Killip 41961, US
Killip 44454, US
Long 2232, USF
Long, R.W. et al. 2104, USF
McCartney, C. (w/ Atwood) 18, SEL
Musselman & Harris 5035, USF
Orzell & Bridges 15970, FTG
Orzell & Bridges 15976, FTG
Orzell & Bridges 15977, FTG
Orzell & Bridges 15979, FTG
Orzell & Bridges 15987, FTG
Orzell & Bridges 20392, USF
Orzell 20404, Voucher of Fimbristylis caroliniana 1992, FTG
Poppleton 800, USF
Stern et al. 2896, FTG
Thorne 15123, USF
Woodbury & Buswell s.n., FTG