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Key West National Wildlife Refuge

County: Monroe County (Keys)
Size: 208308.17 acres
Latitude: 24.5625º Longitude: -81.99944º
Managing Agency: United States Fish and Wildlife Service

There are 185 taxa reported for
Key West National Wildlife Refuge

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Acanthocereus tetragonus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Agave decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Agave sisalana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16197
Aloe vera Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 16197
Alternanthera flavescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Alternanthera maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Reported 15332
Ambrosia hispida Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Amyris elemifera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135 2634
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Aristida purpurascens Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Atriplex cristata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Avicennia germinans Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Batis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 16194
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Blutaparon vermiculare Present Native Not Introduced Native 16198
Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Borrichia arborescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Borrichia frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Bursera simaruba Reported 15004
Byrsonima lucida Reported 15332
Caesalpinia bonduc Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Caesalpinia pauciflora Doubtfully Present 15004
Cakile lanceolata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Canavalia rosea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Capraria biflora Reported 15003
Carica papaya Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 15004
Casasia clusiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 15004
Casuarina equisetifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16198
Cenchrus echinatus Reported 15003
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Cenchrus tribuloides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16196
Centrosema virginianum Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15003
Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera Reported 15004
Chromolaena frustrata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 42819 485
Citharexylum spinosum Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 15004
Coccoloba diversifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Coccoloba uvifera Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Coccothrinax argentata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135 2659
Cocos nucifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16194
Colubrina arborescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Colubrina asiatica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 16195
Commelina erecta Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Conocarpus erectus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Conyza canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16196
Cordia sebestena Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive Null 15004
Cynophalla flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981 2936
Cyperus planifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 16195 2638
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive Not Cultivated 16197
Desmanthus virgatus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Dicliptera sexangularis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Distichlis spicata Reported 15003
Encyclia tampensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Eragrostis ciliaris Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 15004
Erithalis fruticosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Ernodea littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135 2631
Erythrina herbacea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Eugenia axillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Eugenia foetida Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Euphorbia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Euphorbia cyathophora Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Euphorbia garberi Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Euphorbia heterophylla Reported 15003
Euphorbia hypericifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16196
Euphorbia pinetorum Reported 15004
Euphorbia tithymaloides subsp. smallii Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 15004
Euphorbia trichotoma Reported 15003
Eustachys glauca Recorded as Present in Error 15332
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Evolvulus alsinoides var. alsinoides Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Ficus aurea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Ficus citrifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Not Cultivated 16196
Fimbristylis spadicea Reported 15332
Flaveria linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Galactia parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Galactia regularis Recorded as Present in Error 15332
Galactia striata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Gossypium hirsutum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Guapira discolor Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Gyminda latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Gymnanthes lucida Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Halodule wrightii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14728
Heliotropium angiospermum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16196
Herissantia crispa Reported 15332
Hymenocallis latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Ipomoea alba Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15332
Ipomoea indica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16196
Ipomoea violacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 16196
Iva imbricata Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15003
Jacquinia keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 16194
Kalanchoe daigremontiana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 16197
Kosteletzkya virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Krugiodendron ferreum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Laguncularia racemosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Lantana involucrata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Lasiacis divaricata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Leucaena leucocephala Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 15135
Leucothrinax morrisii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Limonium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Lycium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Lysiloma latisiliquum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 15004
Maytenus phyllanthoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Melanthera nivea Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Metastelma northropiae Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Metopium toxiferum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Monanthochloe littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Morinda royoc Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Myrcianthes fragrans Recorded as Present in Error Null #PlantsByConsArea("InvasiveStatus")# Null 15004
Myrsine cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Opuntia stricta Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Panicum amarum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Panicum maximum Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 15003
Paspalidium chapmanii Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Paspalum blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Paspalum caespitosum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Paspalum distichum Doubtfully Present 15003
Paspalum setaceum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 15135
Paspalum vaginatum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Pectis glaucescens Reported 15003
Pentalinon luteum Present Native Not Introduced Native 16197
Phoenix dactylifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14981
Phoenix reclinata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 15135
Piscidia piscipula Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Pisonia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Pithecellobium keyense Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Portulaca oleracea Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal 16196
Portulaca rubricaulis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 14981
Quadrella cynophallophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Randia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Reynosia septentrionalis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Rhizophora mangle Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Rivina humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Roystonea regia Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15003
Sabal palmetto Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Salvia serotina Present Native Not Introduced Native Null 15003
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16196
Sarcocornia perennis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Scaevola plumieri Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15003
Scaevola taccada Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16195
Schinus terebinthifolius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16195
Schizachyrium gracile Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Schizachyrium sanguineum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Scleria lithosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Serenoa repens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Sesuvium portulacastrum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Setaria macrosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Setaria parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 16197
Seutera angustifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 16198
Sida ciliaris Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal Not Cultivated 14981
Sideroxylon celastrinum Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15332
Simarouba glauca Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Smilax havanensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135
Solanum bahamense Present Native Not Introduced Native 16195
Solanum donianum Reported 15004
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14981
Spartina patens Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Spartina spartinae Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Sporobolus domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16194
Suaeda linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16198
Suriana maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 16198 2640
Symphyotrichum tenuifolium Reported 15332
Syringodium filiforme Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Thalassia testudinum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Thespesia populnea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16196
Thrinax radiata Reported 15004
Tillandsia flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 15135
Tillandsia paucifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135 2637
Tournefortia gnaphalodes Present Native Not Introduced Native 16195
Uniola paniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16195
Vachellia farnesiana var. farnesiana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Waltheria indica Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 16197
Ximenia americana Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15004
Yucca aloifolia Reported 15004
Zanthoxylum flavum Present Native Not Introduced Native Not Cultivated 15135 1840


References for Key West National Wildlife Refuge:
Bradley, K.A. 1999. Observations of vascular plants at Destroyer Key, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. July 15, 1999. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. 1999. Observations of vascular plants at Man Key, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 15 July 1999. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. 1999. Observations of vascular plants at Southeast Man Key, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. July 15, 1999. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. 1999. Observations of vascular plants at Unnamed Island #1, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. July 15, 1999. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. 1999. Observations of vascular plants at Unnamed Island #2, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. July 15, 1999. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A. & G.D. Gann. 2004. Status Survey and Monitoring of Cape Sable Thoroughwort, Chromolaena frustrata (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King and H. Rob.. Final report submitted to the USFWS, South Florida Ecosystems Office, Vero Beach, FL. The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Davis Jr., J.H. 1942. The ecology of the vegetation and topography of the Sand Keys of Florida. Carnegie Inst. Washington, Tortugas Laboratory Papers 33(517): 303-412.
Gann, G., & K. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Boca Grand, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 2 April 1996. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 3 April 1996. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., & K.A. Bradley. 1996. Observations of vascular plants at Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Florida. 3 April 1996. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Kruer, C.R. 1992. An assessment of Florida’s Remaining Coastal Upland Natural Communities: Florida Keys. Tallahassee: Florida Natural Areas Inventory.
Millspaugh, C.F. 1907. Flora of the Sand Keys of Florida. Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 2(5): 191-245.
Phillips, R.C. 1959. Notes on the marine flora of the Marquesas Keys, Florida. Quart. Journ. Fla. Acad. Sci. 22(3): 155-162.


Vouchers for Key West National Wildlife Refuge:
Gann & Bradley 402, FTG
Gann & Bradley 422, FTG
Gann & Bradley 429, FTG
Gann & Bradley 449, FTG
Gann & Bradley 458, FTG
Gann & Bradley 462, FTG
Gann & Bradley 470, FTG
Gann & Bradley 471, FTG
Gann & Bradley 474, FTG
Gann & Bradley 486, FTG
Gann & Bradley 493, FTG
Gann & Bradley 502, FTG
Gann & Bradley 506, FTG
Gann & Bradley 513, FTG
Gann & Bradley 514, FTG