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Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park
County: Monroe County (Keys)
Size: 10479.9 acres
Latitude: 24.90263047º Longitude: -80.70110321º
Managing Agency: Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Recreation and Parks

There are 237 taxa reported for
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Abutilon permolle Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2879
Acanthocereus tetragonus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Acrostichum danaeifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Adenanthera pavonina Reported 16585
Agave decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Agave sisalana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Formerly Cultivated 18611
Ageratum maritimum Recorded as Present in Error 18611
Albizia lebbeck Reported 16585
Aloe vera Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Alternanthera flavescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ambrosia hispida Reported 15402
Amyris elemifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Annona glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ardisia escallonioides Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Argemone mexicana Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Argythamnia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Atriplex cristata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Avicennia germinans Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Baccharis halimifolia Reported 16585
Batis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Blutaparon vermiculare Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2227
Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Borrichia arborescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Borrichia frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Bothriochloa pertusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Bourreria succulenta Reported 16585
Bucida buceras Reported 15332
Bursera simaruba Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Caesalpinia bonduc Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Canella winterana Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Capraria biflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Reported 15402
Cardiospermum corindum Present Native Not Introduced Native 52149 22091
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum Recorded as Present in Error 18611
Carica papaya Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native Formerly Cultivated 15402
Carissa macrocarpa Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15402
Casasia clusiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Casuarina equisetifolia Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced, Presumed Extirpated Invasive 15402
Catharanthus roseus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Celosia nitida Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 20910 20910
Cenchrus echinatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Cestrum diurnum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 18611
Chiococca alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Chromolaena frustrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 42819 8017
Chromolaena odorata Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Ruderal 15402
Cienfuegosia yucatanensis Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 496 20337
Citharexylum spinosum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Citrus x aurantiifolia Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 18611
Coccoloba diversifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Coccoloba uvifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Cocos nucifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 18611
Commelina erecta Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Conocarpus erectus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Conyza canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Cordia sebestena Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Crotalaria pumila Reported 15402
Cynophalla flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2878
Cyperus croceus Reported 16585
Cyperus floridanus Present Native Not Introduced Native 51607
Cyperus ligularis Reported 15402
Cyperus planifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Cyrtopodium punctatum Reported 15402
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Dalbergia brownei Reported 16585
Desmanthus virgatus Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Desmodium incanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Dicliptera sexangularis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Digitaria bicornis Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 11467
Digitaria ciliaris Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Distichlis spicata Reported 15402
Drypetes diversifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Drypetes lateriflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Encyclia tampensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eragrostis ciliaris Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Erithalis fruticosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eugenia axillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eugenia foetida Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eugenia rhombea Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eugenia uniflora Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Formerly Cultivated 18611
Euphorbia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Euphorbia bombensis Assumed to be Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Euphorbia garberi Reported 15402
Euphorbia hirta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Euphorbia hypericifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Euphorbia ophthalmica Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Euphorbia porteriana Reported 15398
Euphorbia prostrata Reported 15402
Euphorbia tithymaloides subsp. smallii Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Evolvulus convolvuloides Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Exothea paniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ficus aurea Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ficus benjamina Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 18611
Ficus citrifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1466
Ficus microcarpa Recorded as Present in Error 16585
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Fimbristylis spadicea Reported 15402
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Gaillardia pulchella Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Formerly Cultivated 18611
Galactia striata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Gliricidia sepium Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Gossypium hirsutum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Gouania lupuloides Reported 15402
Guaiacum sanctum Present Native Not Introduced Native Formerly Cultivated 18611 19468
Guapira discolor Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1455
Guettarda elliptica Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1467
Gymnanthes lucida Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2218
Halodule wrightii Present Native Not Introduced Native 16585
Hamelia patens var. patens Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15402
Heliotropium angiospermum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Herissantia crispa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1468
Hibiscus poeppigii Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 8016
Hibiscus tiliaceus var. tiliaceus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 18611
Hippocratea volubilis Reported 16585
Hylocereus undatus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Formerly Cultivated 18611
Hymenocallis latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Indigofera mucronata var. keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 50922 15517
Ipomoea alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ipomoea indica Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Jacquemontia pentanthos Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Jacquinia keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Jasminum multiflorum Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Kalanchoe delagoensis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Krugiodendron ferreum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1461
Lagenaria siceraria Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced, Presumed Extirpated Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 18301 18301
Laguncularia racemosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Lantana camara Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Lantana involucrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Launaea intybacea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Lepidium virginicum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Leucothrinax morrisii Present Native Not Introduced Native 15332
Limonium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Lycium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Malpighia emarginata Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Malvastrum corchorifolium Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Mangifera indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16585
Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402 1456
Manilkara zapota Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 18611
Maytenus phyllanthoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Melinis repens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 15402
Metopium toxiferum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Monanthochloe littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Morinda citrifolia Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16585
Morinda royoc Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2229
Murraya paniculata Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Myriopus volubilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Myrsine cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native 16585
Nama jamaicensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Nectandra coriacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Nerium oleander Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 18611
Oeceoclades maculata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Opuntia stricta Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Orthosia scoparia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Oxalis corniculata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Paspalum caespitosum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Paspalum distichum Doubtfully Present 15402
Paspalum fimbriatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Paspalum setaceum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Paspalum vaginatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Passiflora multiflora var. multiflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 4716
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Peltophorum pterocarpum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 18611
Pentalinon luteum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Phoenix dactylifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Phyla nodiflora Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Phyllanthus amarus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Physalis pubescens Reported 16585
Pilea microphylla Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Piscidia piscipula Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1463
Pisonia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Pithecellobium keyense Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Pluchea odorata Reported 15402
Plumbago zeylanica Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 4712
Polypremum procumbens Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Portulaca oleracea Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal 15402
Portulaca pilosa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15402
Portulaca rubricaulis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Priva lappulacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Prosthechea cochleata Reported 15402
Psychotria nervosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ptilimnium capillaceum Doubtfully Present 15402
Quadrella cynophallophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2858
Randia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2228
Reynosia septentrionalis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1464
Rhizophora mangle Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Rhynchosia minima Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Ricinus communis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 15402
Rivina humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Salicornia bigelovii Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Samolus valerandi subsp. parviflorus Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15402
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 16585
Sapindus saponaria var. saponaria Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Sarcocornia perennis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Schaefferia frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1237
Schinus terebinthifolius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Schoepfia schreberi Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Selenicereus pteranthus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Sesuvium portulacastrum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Sida abutifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Sida acuta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611 4719
Sideroxylon celastrinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Sideroxylon foetidissimum Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2709
Smilax havanensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Solanum americanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Solanum bahamense Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 1871
Solanum erianthum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Spermacoce remota Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal 18611
Sporobolus domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 4715
Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Stylosanthes hamata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 18611
Suaeda linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Suriana maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2225
Swietenia mahagoni Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Syringodium filiforme Present Native Not Introduced Native 16585
Tamarindus indica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 18611 4718
Thalassia testudinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 16585
Thespesia populnea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18611
Thrinax radiata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 168
Tillandsia paucifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 2710
Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Tillandsia utriculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Toxicodendron radicans Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Potentially Invasive 18611
Trichocentrum undulatum Reported 16585
Tridax procumbens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Urochloa adspersa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Urochloa distachya Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 18611
Varronia bullata subsp. humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611 75
Waltheria indica Present Native Not Introduced Native 15402
Ximenia americana Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611
Zanthoxylum fagara Present Native Not Introduced Native 18611


References for Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park:
Anonymous. 1983. Working plant list of Lignumvitae Key State Botanical Site, based on lists from: July, 1969 and July, 1976. February 1983. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Anonymous. s.d. Lignumvitae Key State Botanical Site, plant list of native and well-naturalized plants. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Bradley, K.A. & G.D. Gann. 2004. Status Survey and Monitoring of Cape Sable Thoroughwort, Chromolaena frustrata (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King and H. Rob.. Final report submitted to the USFWS, South Florida Ecosystems Office, Vero Beach, FL. The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Chapman, A.W. 1878. An enumeration of some plants - chiefly from the semi-tropical regions of Florida – which are either new, or which have not been hitherto been recorded as belonging to the flora of the southern States. Bot. Gaz. 3(1): 2-6.
Cox, A.C. 1988. Distribution and species composition of tree islands in Martin and Palm Beach counties. Masters Dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton.
Florida Park Service District 5. 1997. Data from PLT-NTV.SEC & PLT-EXOT.SEC; Lignumvitae Key State Botanical Site. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Fryxell, P.A. 1969. The genus Cienfuegosia Cav. (Malvaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 56(2): 179-250.
Gann, G.D., & J.A. Duquesnel. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at Lignumvitae Key State Botanical Site, Monroe County, Florida. 28 January 2000. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Hammer, R.L. 1995. Checklist of vascular plants, Lignum Vitae Key State Botanical Site. Emended by Roger L. Hammer, March 1995. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Kruer, C.R. 1992. An assessment of Florida’s Remaining Coastal Upland Natural Communities: Florida Keys. Tallahassee: Florida Natural Areas Inventory.
Scurlock, J.P. 1987. Native Trees and Shrubs of the Florida Keys. Bethel Park: Laurel Press.
Woodmansee, S. 2014. Observations of Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park on April 11, 2014. Email Communication 11 Apr 2014.


Vouchers for Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park:
Blodgett s.n., NY
Blodgett s.n., NY
Blodgett s.n., NY
Bradley et al. 455, FTG
Bradley et al. 458, FTG
Bradley et al. 459, FTG
Bradley et al. 462, FTG
Bradley et al. 464, FTG
Bradley et al. 465, FTG
Bradley et al. 469b, FTG
Bradley et al. s.n., FTG
Chapman 8392, US
Chapman s.n., GH
Chapman s.n., US
Chapman s.n., US
Correll & Correll 41885, FTG
Craighead 820, FLAS
Craighead s.n., ENP
Craighead s.n., ENP
Craighead s.n., ENP
Curtiss 1195, FLAS
Curtiss 1195, NY
Curtiss 1195, NY
Curtiss 1195, NY
Garber s.n., FLAS
Garber s.n., GH
Garber s.n., NY
Garber s.n., US
Garber s.n., US
Gillis 9474, FTG
Herb. Chapman 205?, US
Popenoe & Avery s.n., FTG
Robertson s.n., ENP
Robertson, Jr. 62, FLAS
Schmitt 13, FTG
Schmitt 17, FTG
Schmitt 18, FTG
Schmitt 19, FTG
Schmitt 21, FTG
Schmitt 22, FTG
Schmitt 28, FTG
Schmitt 30, FTG
Schmitt 32, FTG
Schmitt 34, FTG
Schmitt 38, FTG
Schmitt 42, FTG
Schmitt 46, FTG
Schmitt 51, FTG
Schmitt 54, FTG
Schmitt 6, FTG
Schmitt 66, FTG
Schmitt 7, FTG
Schmitt 71, FTG
Schmitt 73, FTG
Schmitt 86, FTG
Schmitt 89, FTG
Schmitt 90, FTG
Schmitt 91, FTG
Simpson 345, US
Small & Britton s.n, USF
Small & Small 7430, FLAS
Sreemadhavan 4906, USF
Sreemadhavan 4916, USF
Sreemadhavan 4928, USF
Stern & Chambers 281, FLAS