Plants of South Florida · Plants by Conservation Area · Plants by County · Plants by Habitat
Quick Search · Advanced Search

J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge
County: Lee County
Size: 6315.53 acres
Latitude: 26.4455112º Longitude: -82.112412º
Managing Agency: United States Fish and Wildlife Service

There are 306 taxa reported for
J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Abrus precatorius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Acanthocereus tetragonus Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792 2892
Acrostichum danaeifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Agave decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Agave sisalana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Agave weberi Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Formerly Cultivated 8008 8008
Albizia lebbeck Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Allamanda cathartica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Alternanthera flavescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Amaranthus australis Present Native Not Introduced Native 2309 2309
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Annona glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Anredera vesicaria Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Ardisia escallonioides Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Aristida patula Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Aristida purpurascens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Atriplex cristata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Avicennia germinans Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Bacopa monnieri Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Bambusa vulgaris Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 14709
Batis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Bauhinia variegata var. variegata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Blechnum serrulatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Blutaparon vermiculare Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Borrichia frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Bothriochloa pertusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Bougainvillea glabra Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 14709
Buchnera americana Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Bursera simaruba Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Caesalpinia bonduc Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive 14709
Calliandra haematocephala Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 14709
Canavalia rosea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Capraria biflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709 2289
Carica papaya Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Casasia clusiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cassytha filiformis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Casuarina equisetifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Catharanthus roseus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Celosia nitida Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792 19427
Celtis iguanaea Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 20486 20486
Celtis pallida Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792 8078
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Centrosema virginianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Chiococca alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Chiococca parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cirsium horridulum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Cissus trifoliata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Citrus x aurantiifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Cladium jamaicense Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Coccoloba uvifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cocos nucifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Commelina erecta Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Conocarpus erectus Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Conyza canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Cordia sebestena Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Introduced Invasive 23792
Coreopsis leavenworthii Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Crotalaria incana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Crotalaria pallida var. obovata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Crotalaria rotundifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Cryptostegia madagascariensis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 14709
Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Cyperus compressus Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cyperus croceus Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Cyperus esculentus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Cyperus ligularis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cyperus ovatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Cyperus planifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Cyperus polystachyos Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Delonix regia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Desmodium incanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Desmodium tortuosum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Digitaria ciliaris Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Dioscorea alata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Dodonaea viscosa var. angustifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Echinochloa colona Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Echinochloa walteri Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Eclipta prostrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Eleocharis interstincta Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native 23792
Eleusine indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Encyclia tampensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Eragrostis ciliaris Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Eragrostis elliottii Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Erechtites hieraciifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Erigeron quercifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Ernodea littoralis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Erythrina herbacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Eugenia axillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Eupatorium capillifolium Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Eupatorium serotinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Euphorbia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Euphorbia bombensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Euphorbia cyathophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Euphorbia hirta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Euphorbia hypericifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Euphorbia hyssopifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Euphorbia ophthalmica Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Eustachys glauca Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Ficus aurea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Fimbristylis spadicea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Flaveria floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709 18844
Forestiera segregata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Fortunella margarita Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Galactia striata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Galactia volubilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Galium bermudense Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Glandularia maritima Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 23792
Gossypium hirsutum Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Hamelia patens var. patens Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Harrisia aboriginum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Helianthus debilis subsp. debilis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Heliotropium angiospermum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792 1547
Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Heliotropium polyphyllum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Heterotheca subaxillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Hexalectris spicata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709 7761
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Hylocereus undatus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Hymenocallis latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Ipomoea alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Ipomoea hederacea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Ipomoea indica Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Ipomoea macrorhiza Present 14709
Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Ipomoea sagittata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Ipomoea violacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Iresine diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Iva frutescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Iva imbricata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Jacquinia keyensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Jasminum sambac Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Justicia brandegeeana Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Kalanchoe delagoensis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Kalanchoe pinnata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Laguncularia racemosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Lantana camara Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Lantana involucrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Lepidium virginicum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Leucaena leucocephala Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Limonium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Linaria canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Lobelia feayana Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Ludwigia octovalvis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Lycium carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Lysiloma latisiliquum Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Malvastrum corchorifolium Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Mangifera indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 14709
Manilkara zapota Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Maytenus phyllanthoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Melanthera nivea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Melia azedarach Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Melinis repens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Melothria pendula Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Mentzelia floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Mikania scandens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Momordica charantia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Morus alba Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Muhlenbergia capillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Myrica cerifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Myrsine cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Nephrolepis exaltata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Oeceoclades maculata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Oenothera humifusa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Oenothera simulans Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Oldenlandia corymbosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Opuntia cochenillifera Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Opuntia humifusa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Opuntia stricta Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Orthosia scoparia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792 2316
Pandanus utilis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 23792
Panicum amarum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Panicum dichotomiflorum var. dichotomiflorum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Panicum rigidulum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Paspalum caespitosum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Paspalum floridanum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Paspalum notatum Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Paspalum setaceum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Paspalum vaginatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Pectis linearifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Pectis prostrata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Petiveria alliacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Phlebodium aureum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Phoenix roebelenii Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 14709
Phyla nodiflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Phyllanthus abnormis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Phyllanthus tenellus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Physalis angustifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Phytolacca americana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Pinus palustris Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Piriqueta cistoides subsp. caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Piscidia piscipula Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Pithecellobium keyense Present Native Not Introduced Native 15232
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Pityopsis graminifolia Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Pluchea carolinensis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Pluchea odorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Plumbago zeylanica Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Polygala violacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Polypremum procumbens Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Pontederia cordata Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Portulaca oleracea Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Potentially Invasive 23792
Portulaca pilosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Portulaca rubricaulis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Psidium guajava Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Psilotum nudum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Psychotria nervosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Pteridium caudatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Quadrella cynophallophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Quercus virginiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Randia aculeata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Rhizophora mangle Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Rhynchosia minima Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Rhynchospora colorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Ricinus communis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14709
Rivina humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Rumex verticillatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Sabal palmetto Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sagittaria latifolia Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native 23792
Samolus ebracteatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Sarcocornia perennis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Scaevola plumieri Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Scaevola taccada Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Schinus terebinthifolius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Selenicereus pteranthus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Senna mexicana var. chapmanii Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Serenoa repens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sesuvium maritimum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23705 23705
Sesuvium portulacastrum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Setaria macrosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Setaria magna Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Setaria parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Sida acuta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Sideroxylon celastrinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sideroxylon foetidissimum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Smilax auriculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Solanum americanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14709
Solanum lycopersicum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Solidago sempervirens Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sonchus oleraceus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Sophora tomentosa var. occidentalis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Sorghum bicolor Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Spartina alterniflora var. glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 18044
Spartina bakeri Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Spermacoce remota Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 23792
Sporobolus domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Sporobolus pyramidalis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Present Native Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709 20270
Stenotaphrum secundatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Suaeda linearis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Suriana maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Symphyotrichum bahamense Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Syngonium podophyllum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Tecoma stans Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Thespesia populnea Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 23792
Tillandsia balbisiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tillandsia flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Tillandsia paucifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tillandsia recurvata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tillandsia utriculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tradescantia spathacea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 23792
Trichostema dichotomum Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Tridax procumbens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Triumfetta semitriloba Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Typha domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Uniola paniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Urochloa adspersa Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Urochloa ramosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14709
Vachellia farnesiana var. pinetorum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Verbena scabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Verbesina virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Vicia acutifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Vigna luteola Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Vitex trifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14709
Vittaria lineata Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Waltheria indica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14709
Youngia japonica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 23792
Yucca aloifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792
Zamia integrifolia Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 23792
Zanthoxylum fagara Present Native Not Introduced Native 23792


References for J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge:
Gann, G.D. 2001. Observations of vascular plants at J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Lee County, Florida. 23 October 2001. The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, Florida.
Workman, R. 2001. Personal communication regarding Harrisia aboriginum on Buck Key in Lee County. Telephone conversation with G.D. Gann on 26 June 2001.


Vouchers for J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge: