Plants of South Florida · Plants by Conservation Area · Plants by County · Plants by Habitat
Quick Search · Advanced Search

Dry Tortugas National Park
County: Monroe County (Keys)
Size: 64701.22 acres
Latitude: 24.62861º Longitude: -82.87333º
Managing Agency: United States National Park Service

There are 216 taxa reported for
Dry Tortugas National Park

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Abrus precatorius Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Acrostichum danaeifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Adonidia merrillii Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Agave angustifolia Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Agave decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Agave sisalana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive 15379
Allamanda cathartica Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Aloe vera Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Alternanthera maritima Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379
Alternanthera philoxeroides Doubtfully Present 15379
Amaranthus viridis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced, Presumed Extirpated Ruderal 15379
Ambrosia hispida Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Araucaria columnaris Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Argemone mexicana Presumed Extirpated Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Asparagus aethiopicus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive 15379
Asparagus officinalis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Atriplex cristata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Avicennia germinans Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Batis maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Blutaparon vermiculare Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Boerhavia diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Bothriochloa pertusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Bougainvillea glabra Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Brassica rapa Reported 15379
Breynia disticha Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Bursera simaruba Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Caesalpinia bonduc Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Cajanus cajan Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Cakile lanceolata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Calophyllum antillanum Reported 15379
Calyptocarpus vialis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Canavalia rosea Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Capraria biflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Carica papaya Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 15379
Casuarina equisetifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 15379
Catharanthus roseus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Assumed to be Cultivated 15379
Cenchrus echinatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Cenchrus myosuroides Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Cenchrus tribuloides Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Ceratonia siliqua Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Cereus repandus Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Citrus reticulata Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Citrus x aurantiifolia Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Coccoloba uvifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Cocos nucifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 15379
Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Colubrina asiatica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 15379
Conocarpus erectus Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Conyza canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Cordia sebestena Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 15379
Cordyline fruticosa Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Crotalaria pallida var. obovata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Crotalaria retusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Cryptostegia grandiflora Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Cyanthillium cinereum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Cyperus involucratus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Cyperus planifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 2268
Cyperus rotundus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 15379
Delonix regia Present Not Native, Naturalized Assumed to be Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Desmanthus virgatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Desmodium incanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Desmodium scorpiurus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379 18257
Digitaria bicornis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Digitaria ciliaris Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Digitaria horizontalis Reported 15379
Eleusine indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Epipremnum pinnatum cv. Aureum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 15379
Eragrostis amabilis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Eragrostis ciliaris Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Eragrostis prolifera Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced, Presumed Extirpated Ruderal 15379
Erythrina variegata Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Eugenia uniflora Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Euphorbia blodgettii Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Euphorbia cyathophora Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Euphorbia hirta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Euphorbia hypericifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Euphorbia hyssopifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Euphorbia lactea Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Euphorbia milii Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Euphorbia ophthalmica Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Euphorbia pergamena Reported 15379
Euphorbia prostrata Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal 15379
Euphorbia tithymaloides subsp. smallii Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Eustachys glauca Recorded as Present in Error 15379
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Eustoma exaltatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Evolvulus alsinoides var. alsinoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Ficus benjamina Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Ficus carica Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Ficus elastica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Ficus sycomorus Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive 15379
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Gaillardia pulchella Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Galactia parvifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Gamochaeta antillana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Halophila decipiens Present Native Not Introduced Native 15261
Halophila engelmannii Present Native Not Introduced Native 15261
Heliotropium angiospermum Reported 15379
Heliotropium curassavicum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Hymenocallis latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Indigofera spicata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Indigofera tinctoria Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Ipomoea alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Ipomoea batatas Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Ipomoea violacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Iva imbricata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 2563
Juncus repens Doubtfully Present 15379
Kalanchoe daigremontiana Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Kalanchoe delagoensis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Cultivated 15379
Laguncularia racemosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Lawsonia inermis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Lepidium virginicum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Malvaviscus arboreus Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Mangifera indica Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Melanthera nivea Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 2269
Moringa oleifera Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Murraya paniculata Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Musa x paradisiaca Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Nama jamaicensis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Nerium oleander Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Ochrosia elliptica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Oldenlandia corymbosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Opuntia stricta Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Oxalis corniculata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Pandanus tectorius Reported 15379
Panicum maximum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Parietaria floridana Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Paspalum caespitosum Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379
Paspalum vaginatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Persea americana Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Phoenix canariensis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Phoenix dactylifera Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Phyla nodiflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Phyllanthus amarus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Plantago virginica Reported 15379
Plectranthus amboinicus Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Plectranthus scutellarioides Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Plumeria rubra Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Polypremum procumbens Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Polyscias guilfoylei Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Portulaca oleracea Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Potentially Invasive 15379
Portulaca pilosa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Pouteria campechiana Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Pritchardia pacifica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 15379
Psidium guajava Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Psychotria ligustrifolia Recorded as Present in Error 8006 8006
Pteris vittata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive 15379
Rhizophora mangle Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Rhynchosia minima Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379
Rhynchosia parvifolia Doubtfully Present 15261
Ricinus communis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Ruellia blechum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Ruellia simplex Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Salicornia bigelovii Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Salvia micrantha Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 20187 20187
Salvia serotina Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Assumed to be Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Scaevola plumieri Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Scaevola taccada Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 15379
Schinus terebinthifolius Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Assumed to be Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Senna surattensis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Sesbania sericea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Sesbania vesicaria Reported 15261
Sesuvium portulacastrum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Setaria macrosperma Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Setaria parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Seutera angustifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 2508
Sida abutifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Sida acuta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Sida ciliaris Present Native Ruderal 15379
Sida ulmifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Solanum americanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Solanum bahamense Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 1533
Solanum lycopersicum Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Solanum tampicense Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 15379
Sonchus oleraceus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Sporobolus domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Sporobolus pyramidalis Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Sporobolus pyramidatus Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379 8701
Sporobolus virginicus Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Stenotaphrum secundatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Assumed to be Cultivated 15379
Stylosanthes hamata Present Assumed to be Native Not Introduced Ruderal 15379
Suriana maritima Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379 2359
Syngonium podophyllum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Syringodium filiforme Present Native Not Introduced 15261
Tamarindus indica Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Tecoma castaneifolia Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Terminalia catappa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Assumed to be Cultivated 15379
Thalassia testudinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 15261
Thelypteris kunthii Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Thespesia populnea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Assumed to be Cultivated 15379
Thevetia peruviana Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Tournefortia gnaphalodes Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Tradescantia pallida Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Cultivated 15379
Tradescantia spathacea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Assumed to be Invasive Cultivated 15379
Tradescantia zebrina Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Trianthema portulacastrum Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379
Tribulus cistoides Presumed Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized Introduced, Presumed Extirpated Potentially Invasive 15379
Uniola paniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Urochloa distachya Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 15379
Vigna luteola Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native 15379
Waltheria indica Present Native Not Introduced Native 15379
Washingtonia robusta Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Potentially Invasive Formerly Cultivated 15379
Yucca aloifolia Reported 15379


References for Dry Tortugas National Park:
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Bowman, H.H.M. 1918. Botanical ecology of the Dry Tortugas. Papers From The Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Volume XII. Washington, D.C. pp 109-138.
Den Hartog, C. 1970. The sea-grasses of the world. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company.
Epling, C. 1939. A revision of Salvia, subgenus Calosphace. Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. Berlin, Germany.
Millspaugh, C.F. 1907. Flora of the Sand Keys of Florida. Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 2(5): 191-245.
Reimus, R.G., and W.B Robertson. 1997. Plants of Dry Tortugas National Park, an annotated list, March 1997. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.


Vouchers for Dry Tortugas National Park:
Atwater 604, USF
Atwater 607, USF
Lluch & Hanes s.n., FTG
Lluch & Hanes s.n., USF
Loope & Robertson 1001, FTG
Loope & Robertson 1011, FTG
Loope et al. 1021, FTG
Robertson s.n., FTG
Robertson s.n., FTG