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Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
County: Palm Beach County
Size: 148488.37 acres
Latitude: 26.45417º Longitude: -80.22833º
Notes: For a map and more information click here.
Managing Agency: United States Fish and Wildlife Service

There are 262 taxa reported for
Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Abrus precatorius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14813
Acacia auriculiformis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Acer rubrum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Acrostichum danaeifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Actinostachys pennula Present Native Not Introduced Native 18516
Agalinis linifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Alternanthera philoxeroides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Ammannia coccinea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Ampelopsis arborea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Doubtfully Present 14813
Annona glabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Ardisia elliptica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 18515
Asclepias incarnata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Azolla caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Baccharis glomeruliflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Baccharis halimifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Bacopa caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Bacopa monnieri Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Bauhinia variegata var. variegata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 21165
Begonia hirtella Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 22871 22871
Bidens alba var. radiata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Bidens mitis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Bischofia javanica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Blechnum serrulatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Boehmeria cylindrica Present Native Not Introduced Native 21165
Boehmeria nivea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Brasenia schreberi Recorded as Present in Error 50203 14813
Campyloneurum phyllitidis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Casuarina equisetifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Catharanthus roseus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Cenchrus incertus Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Cephalanthus occidentalis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Ceratophyllum demersum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Chenopodium ambrosioides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Chromolaena odorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Chrysobalanus icaco Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Cladium jamaicense Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Commelina diffusa var. diffusa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Commelina erecta Present Native Not Introduced Native 21165
Conoclinium coelestinum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Crinum americanum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Crotalaria incana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Cyperus compressus Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Cyperus flavescens Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Cyperus haspan Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Cyperus ligularis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Cyperus odoratus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Cyperus ovatus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Cyperus polystachyos Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Cyperus surinamensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Dendrophylax porrectus Present Native Not Introduced Native 18515
Desmodium incanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Desmodium triflorum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Diodia virginiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Drosera capillaris Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Echinochloa crus-galli Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Eclipta prostrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Eichhornia crassipes Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Eleocharis elongata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Eleocharis flavescens Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated Not Introduced Native 18701 18701
Eleusine indica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Emilia fosbergii Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 21165
Encyclia tampensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Epidendrum nocturnum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Epidendrum rigidum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Eragrostis elliottii Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Erechtites hieraciifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Erigeron quercifolius Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Eriocaulon compressum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Eugenia uniflora Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Eulophia alta Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Eupatorium capillifolium Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Euphorbia cyathophora Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Euphorbia hirta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Euphorbia prostrata Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Eustachys petraea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Euthamia caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 18517
Ficus aurea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Ficus benjamina Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Cultivated Only Cultivated 21165
Ficus microcarpa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Fimbristylis cymosa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Fraxinus caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Fuirena breviseta Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Fuirena scirpoidea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Funastrum clausum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Gamochaeta purpurea Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Hibiscus grandiflorus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Hibiscus tiliaceus var. tiliaceus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14813
Hydrilla verticillata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Hydrocotyle umbellata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Hydrolea corymbosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Hymenocallis palmeri Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Hymenocallis tridentata Present Native Not Introduced Native 52222
Ilex cassine Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Ionopsis utricularioides Present Native Not Introduced Native 20593
Ipomoea alba Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Ipomoea sagittata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Iresine diffusa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Itea virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Kosteletzkya virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Lachnanthes caroliana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Lactuca graminifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 21165
Landoltia punctata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 21165
Lantana camara Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 14813
Lemna aequinoctialis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Lemna obscura Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Lepidium virginicum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Linaria canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Ludwigia leptocarpa Present Native Not Introduced Native 19613 19613
Ludwigia microcarpa Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203 14813
Ludwigia octovalvis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Ludwigia peruviana Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Ludwigia pilosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18517
Ludwigia repens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Lygodium microphyllum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Lythrum lineare Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Malaxis spicata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Melaleuca quinquenervia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Melinis repens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Melothria pendula Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Mikania scandens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Momordica charantia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Murraya paniculata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive 21165
Myrica cerifera Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Myrsine cubana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Najas guadalupensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Nephrolepis biserrata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Nephrolepis brownii Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Nephrolepis cordifolia Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Nephrolepis exaltata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Nuphar lutea subsp. advena Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Nymphaea mexicana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Nymphaea odorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Nymphoides aquatica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Oenothera simulans Present Native Not Introduced Native 21165
Ophioglossum petiolatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Packera glabella Present Native Not Introduced Native 21165
Panicum hemitomon Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Panicum repens Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Panicum rigidulum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Parietaria floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Paspalidium geminatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Paspalum distichum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Paspalum notatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Paspalum setaceum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Passiflora suberosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Peltandra virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Persea borbonia var. borbonia Recorded as Present in Error 14813
Persea palustris Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Phlebodium aureum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Phragmites australis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Phyla nodiflora Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Phyllanthus abnormis Doubtfully Present 14813
Phyllanthus urinaria Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Phytolacca americana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Pinus elliottii var. densa Present Native Not Introduced Native 18515
Pistia stratiotes Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Plantago lanceolata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive 21165
Plantago virginica Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Pluchea foetida Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203 14814
Pluchea odorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Polygonum glabrum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Polygonum hydropiperoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Polygonum punctatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Pontederia cordata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Portulaca pilosa Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Proserpinaca palustris Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Psidium guajava Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 50203 14814
Psilotum nudum Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203 14814
Psychotria tenuifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Pteridium pseudocaudatum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Pteris tripartita Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14813
Pteris vittata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Rhynchospora colorata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Rhynchospora inundata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Rhynchospora microcarpa Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Rhynchospora microcephala Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Rhynchospora nitens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Rhynchospora tracyi Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Richardia scabra Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Ricinus communis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14813
Rivina humilis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Rotala ramosior Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Ruellia blechum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Sabal palmetto Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Saccharum giganteum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Sacciolepis striata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Sagittaria lancifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Salix caroliniana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Salvinia minima Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Saururus cernuus Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Schinus terebinthifolius Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Scoparia dulcis Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Senna obtusifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Senna occidentalis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Setaria magna Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Setaria parviflora Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Sida acuta Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Sida rhombifolia Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Smilax laurifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Solanum americanum Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14813
Solanum viarum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced 50203
Solidago fistulosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Sonchus oleraceus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Spermacoce remota Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 14814
Spermacoce verticillata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Sphagneticola trilobata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Not Invasive 21165
Sporobolus indicus Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Sporobolus pyramidalis Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14814
Stenotaphrum secundatum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal Cultivated 14814
Symphyotrichum carolinianum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Symphyotrichum dumosum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Syngonium podophyllum Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Syzygium cumini Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Taxodium ascendens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Taxodium distichum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Terminalia catappa Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Thalia geniculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Thelypteris augescens Recorded as Present in Error 14813
Thelypteris interrupta Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Thelypteris kunthii Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Tiedmannia filiformis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Tillandsia balbisiana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia flexuosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Tillandsia recurvata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia setacea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia usneoides Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia utriculata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tillandsia x smalliana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Toxicodendron radicans Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tradescantia spathacea Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Potentially Invasive 21165
Triadenum virginicum Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Tribulus cistoides Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 14813
Typha domingensis Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Typha latifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Urena lobata Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14813
Urochloa mutica Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 14814
Utricularia foliosa Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Utricularia gibba Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Utricularia inflata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Utricularia purpurea Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Verbena scabra Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Vigna luteola Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Vitis cinerea var. floridana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Vitis rotundifolia Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Wolffia columbiana Present Doubtfully Native Assumed to be Introduced Ruderal 14813
Wolffiella gladiata Present Native Not Introduced Native 14813
Woodwardia areolata Present Native Not Introduced Native 47219 47219
Woodwardia virginica Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814
Xyris flabelliformis Present Native Not Introduced Native 50203
Xyris smalliana Present Native Not Introduced Native 14814


References for Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge:
Austin, D.F. 1974. Plants of the Loxahatchee Refuge. In files of The Institute for Regional Conservation, Miami, FL.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Avery, G.N. 1983. Botanical notes of George Avery, south Florida botanist 1922 - 1983. Fairchild Tropical Garden Archives.
Bailey, M. 2001. Personal communication with Steven W. Woodmansee, via telephone. 13 April 2001. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 1998. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 19 November 1998. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 1998. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 24 November 1998. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 1998. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 3 November 1998. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 13 November 2000. Institute for Regiona Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 14 November 2000. Institute for Regiona Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Bradley, K.A., & S.W. Woodmansee. 2000. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 23 October 2000. Institute for Regiona Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Gann, G.D., K.A. Bradley, & S.W. Woodmansee. 1998. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 20 October 1998. Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
Phillips, C. Photograph voucher of Hymenocallis tridentata at the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, FL, USA before Aug 2014. Email Communication 15 Aug 2014.
Sadle, J.L. 2003. Observations of vascular plants at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach County, Florida. 29 January 2003. The Institute for Regional Conservation. Miami, Florida.
United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Boyton Beach, Florida.


Vouchers for Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge:
Austin & Austin s.n., FAU
Black & Takekawa s.n., FTG
Craighead s.n., FTG
Darby, C., J.L. Sadle, S.W. Woodmansee. sn. FTG. Voucher of Woodwardia areolata at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge in Palm Beach County, Florida, USA on Dec 2002.
Woodmansee, 1008, FTG
Woodmansee, 1771, FTG