Medium tree with a rounded or narrow crown. Trunk erect, to 20 inches in diameter, bearing many willow-like branches. Bark smooth, becoming flaky. Leaves light green, thin, 2-6 inches long.
Typically 20-30 feet in height; to 57 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north, mostly along the coasts, to Martin and Collier counties; West Indies, Mexico and Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All year; peak in spring.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for Florida duskywing
(Ephyriades brunneus), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and other butterflies.
George D. Gann In habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.