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Wild-lime, Lime prickly-ash
Zanthoxylum fagara
Rutaceae
 

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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General Landscape Uses: Buffer plantings. Spiny barriers.

Availability: Native plant nurseries. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery (239-939-9663) and in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).

Description: Small to medium tree or large shrub with a cylindrical crown from many small, irregularly-shaped branches. Trunks generally short, to about 10 inches in diameter. The branches bear many sharp, hooked spines. Bark gray, rough. Leaves compound, aromatic, about 3-4 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 26 feet in South Florida. As broad as tall or broader.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Marion and Citrus counties; Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Texas, Mexico, Central America and South America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Hammocks.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Greenish-yellow.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Fragrant. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.

Flowering Season: All year; peak winter-summer.

Fruit: Orange-brown glandular punctate follicles opening to reveal small, shiny, black seeds.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterflies. Perhaps a secondary larval host for Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed removed from the outer coating. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover. Germination is in about a month.

Comments: When crushed, the leaves have a lime-like aroma. The wood is much desired for making furniture.


Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Michelle M. Smith, 2018
In habitat, Ned Glenn Nature Preserve, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
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Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
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Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley


Other data on Zanthoxylum fagara available from:



 
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