General Landscape Uses:
Accent or specimen shrub.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium to large shrub or small tree. Leaves temperate deciduous, about 1-3 inches long.
About 10-15 feet in height. Spreading and forming clumps as broad as tall.
Eastern and central North America west to Kansas and Texas and south to Palm Beach and Lee counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Hammocks and pinelands.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with humusy top layer, acid pH.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
White with yellowish stamens.
Whitish to blue-, reddish-, or purplish-black.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for butterflies. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed.