General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small compact densely-branched shrub with numerous underground branches. Leaves small, thick and shiny green, about 1/4 to 3/4 inches long.
Typically, 1-2 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems and forming masses broader than tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus, acid pH.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White to pink.
Black berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for butterflies. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed.