General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small herbaceous wildflower.
Flowering stem about 4 inches tall. Spreading and forming patches much broader than tall.
Widespread in North America south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Old World. Very rare and scattered in South Florida.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet, poorly-drained to permanantly innundated calcareous or organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Small animals are trapped in bladders on the submerged leaves.