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Common cat-tail, Broadleaf cattail
Typha latifolia
Typhaceae
 

Copyright by: John Bradford

General Landscape Uses: Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Large herb.

Dimensions: About 6-9 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming extensive colonies.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Freshwater marshes.

Soils: Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.

Nutritional Requirements: High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Brown.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy inflorescence.

Flowering Season: Spring-summer.

Fruit: An aggregate of minute achenes comprises the "cattail."

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and division.


Copyright by: John Bradford

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Typha latifolia available from:



 
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