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Additional Sponsors:

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Common cat-tail, Broadleaf cattail
Typha latifolia
Typhaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
Large herb.
Dimensions:
About 6-9 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming extensive colonies.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.
Habitats:
Freshwater marshes.
Soils:
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
Nutritional Requirements:
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Brown.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
Spring-summer.
Fruit:
An aggregate of minute achenes comprises the "cattail."
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.


 


John Bradford
Shirley Denton