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Florida trema, Nettletree
Trema micrantha
Cannabaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
Small erect tree with a norrowly umbrella-shaped crown. Trunks erect, small, to 3 inches in diameter. Bark smooth when young, becoming rough with age. Leaves dark green and rough above, much lighter below.
Dimensions:
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 39 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north to Martin, Hendry and Pinellas counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare north of Broward and Collier counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Hammock edges and gaps.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Greenish-yellow to whitish.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Orange drupe borne on stems.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and some cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for io (Automeris io) moths; occasional larval host for martial scrub-hairstreak (Strymon martialis) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Scatter seed over surface of soil and barely cover. Place container in light shade or full sun. Germination is in 3-4 weeks. Transplant into liners when mature leaves finish ermerging.


 


Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley