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Spanish-moss
Tillandsia usneoides
Bromeliaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent epiphyte; on live oaks along forest edges.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Epiphytic herb.
Dimensions:
Hanging in mats often 20 feet or more in length.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to slow.
Range:
Southeastern United States, Maryland and Delaware west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Moist forests and swamps.
Soils:
Epiphytic; grows on the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows on nutrient poor substrate.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Pale green or blue.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy but small.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall.
Fruit:
Green to brown capsule with hairy, wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts insect pollinators.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.


 


Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann