Southeastern United States, Maryland and Delaware west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Moist forests and swamps.
Epiphytic; grows on the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs.
Low; it grows on nutrient poor substrate.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Pale green or blue.
Semi-showy but small.
Green to brown capsule with hairy, wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts insect pollinators.
Can be grown from seed and division.
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.