General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet to moist wildflower gardens.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Spreads and forms patches much broader than tall.
Eastern and central North America west to Arizona and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; the West Indies (Cuba), Mexico and Central America (Honduras).
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist to wet hammocks, marshes and swamps.
Seasonally wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy or calcareous soils, with or without organic or humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Can be grown from seed and division.
Can be very aggressive, spreading from underground stems (rhizomes).