Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
2-3 feet; to 4 feet or more when in flower.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Swamps, marshes, hammocks and wet pine rocklands.
Seasonally wet, well-drained to moderately well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy or organic top layer.
Moderate to low.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light to moderate shade.
Can be grown from seed.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.