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Gulf cordgrass
Spartina spartinae
Poaceae
 

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 2013

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Large herbaceous grass.

Dimensions: Typically 3-5 feet in height; to 6 feet when in flower. About as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bermuda, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Coastal marshes.

Soils: Wet, periodically inundated brackish or saline soils.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: High; tolerates flooding by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Yellowish-green inflorescence.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: Summer-fall.

Fruit: Inconspicuous caryopsis.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and division.


Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann
seedling in habitat, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann


Other data on Spartina spartinae available from:



 
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