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Marshhay cordgrass, Saltmeadow cordgrass
Spartina patens
Poaceae
 

Copyright by: George D. Gann

General Landscape Uses: Accent groundcover in coastal areas.

Availability: Widely cultivated.

Description: Medium herbaceous grass, first clumping then spreading from rhizomes.

Dimensions: Typically 2-3 feet in height; to 4 feet when in flower. Ultimately spreading and forming large, open or dense patches.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Widespread in North America south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Coastal marshes and beach dunes.

Soils: Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained brackish or saline soils, with or without organic or humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.

Salt Water Tolerance: High; tolerates flooding by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Frontline; grows in direct salt wind but away from constant salt spray.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Brownish inflorescence.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: Spring-fall; peak summer-fall.

Fruit: Inconspicuous light brown caryopsis.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and division.


Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Spartina patens available from:



 
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