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Marshhay cordgrass, Saltmeadow cordgrass
Spartina patens
Poaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent groundcover in coastal areas.
Availability:
Widely cultivated.
Description:
Medium herbaceous grass, first clumping then spreading from rhizomes.
Dimensions:
Typically 2-3 feet in height; to 4 feet when in flower. Ultimately spreading and forming large, open or dense patches.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Widespread in North America south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.
Habitats:
Coastal marshes and beach dunes.
Soils:
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained brackish or saline soils, with or without organic or humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
High; tolerates flooding by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Frontline; grows in direct salt wind but away from constant salt spray.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Brownish inflorescence.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall; peak summer-fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous light brown caryopsis.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.


 


George D. Gann
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton