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Mullein nightshade
Solanum donianum
Solanaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Medium shrubby wildflower with an erect stem.
Dimensions:
About 4-6 feet in height. Individual stems taller than broad, but spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming small patches broader than tall.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Monroe, Miami-Dade and Collier counties; West Indies, Mexico and Central America. Very rare in the upper Monroe County Keys and either very rare or absent in the middle Keys.
Habitats:
Marshes.
Soils:
Moist to seasonally wet, well-drained limestone soils, withour humus.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
White with yellow anthers.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Red globose berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for mangrove skipper (Phocides pigmalion) and other butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.
Comments:
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.


 


Roger L. Hammer