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Gulf graytwig, Graytwig
Schoepfia schreberi
Schoepfiaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Large shrub or small tree with a narrow, irregular crown. Trunks to 18 inches in diameter, but usually much less. Brak light brown, deeply furrowed. Leaves thin, dark dull green, about 1-3 inches long.
Dimensions:
Typically 10-20 feet in height. Usually about as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Slow.
Range:
Monroe County Keys and Collier County north along the east coast to Volusia County; Greater Antilles. Rare in the Monroe County Keys, and apparently absent to the west of Long Key. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Light shade.
Flower Color:
Crimson.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak fall-spring.
Fruit:
Red ovoid drupe ripening black.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Parasitic on the roots of other trees, although it apparently does not significantly harm the host. Host for a native fruitfly (Anastrepha interrupta), which feeds on the fruits.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed.
Comments:
A semi-parasitic plant that is extremely difficult to grow. Listed as endangered by the state of Florida.


 


Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Marcos A. Caraballo-Ortiz; Agrandar.
plantillustrations.org (public domain)
originally published in The journal of the Linnean society, Botany, vol. 17: t. 1 (1880) [J. Miers]