General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Large shrub or small tree with a narrow, irregular crown. Trunks to 18 inches in diameter, but usually much less. Brak light brown, deeply furrowed. Leaves thin, dark dull green, about 1-3 inches long.
Typically 10-20 feet in height. Usually about as broad as tall.
Monroe County Keys and Collier County north along the east coast to Volusia County; Greater Antilles. Rare in the Monroe County Keys, and apparently absent to the west of Long Key. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak fall-spring.
Red ovoid drupe ripening black.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Parasitic on the roots of other trees, although it apparently does not significantly harm the host. Host for a native fruitfly (Anastrepha interrupta), which feeds on the fruits.
Can be grown from seed.
A semi-parasitic plant that is extremely difficult to grow. Listed as endangered by the state of Florida.