General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and Oklahoma and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Presumed to be extirpated in Miami-Dade County; very rare or perhaps extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marshes and wet pinelands.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Can be grown from seed and divisions.