Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub or small tree.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A frequent but somewhat uncommon understory shrub in pine rocklands, mesic flatwoods and scrubby flatwoods.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium woody shrub or rarely a small tree, usually with underground stems but occasionally with an erect trunk. Leaves are pale green above and densely covered with gray or brown hairs below, about 2-4 inches long.
Typically 3-6 feet in height in South Florida; occasionally to 20 feet in Florida. Usually broader than tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Inconspicuous. Pollination is by wind.
Early spring, before the emergence of new leaves.
Brown acorn about 1/2" long, maturing in the second season. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies; possible larval host for Horace's duskywing (Erynnis horatius), Juvenal's duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis) and oak hairstreak (Fixsenia favonius) butterflies. The acorns are utilized by squirrels.
Can be grown from seed.
This dwarf oak makes an excellent woody groundcover and deserves more attention in the native plant trade.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.