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Chapman's oak
Quercus chapmanii
Fagaceae
 

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

General Landscape Uses: Accent tree in dry soils.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Small to medium tree or large shrub with broad-spreading branches and a round-topped crown. Trunks often leaning, to 6 inches in diameter. Bark gray, broken into irregular plates. Leaves semi-deciduous, leathery, usually dark green when mature, about 2-3 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 15-25 feet in height in South Florida; to 45 feet in Florida. Can be as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Slow.

Range: Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Scrub, scrubby flatwoods and xeric hammocks.

Soils: Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Green.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Pollination is by wind.

Flowering Season: Spring.

Fruit: Brown acorn. Edible.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for Horace's duskywing (Erynnis horatius), Juvenal's duskywing (Erynnis juvenalois), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies; possible larval host fof oak hairstreak (Fixsenia favonius). The acorns are utilized by squirrels.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.


Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


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