Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Large herbaceous fern.
Typically 3-6 feet or more in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming large dense patches.
Monroe County Keys north to Brevard, Highlands and Citrus counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys and very rare or absent in the middle Keys.
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, usually without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores and division.
It can be very aggressive in the garden; handle with care!
George D. Gann, 16 March 2015 Portion of frond in habitat, Everglades National Park Florida, USA
George D. Gann emerging frond in habitat Everglades National Park, 2012
George D. Gann
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.