Typically 4-6 feet in height. Often as broad as tall.
Monroe County Keys north to Duval, Alachua and Levy counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare in the lower Monroe County Keys.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Red drupe. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for atala (Eumaeus atala), great southern white (Ascia monuste), julia (Dryas iulia), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) and other butterflies. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Place seeds on top of soil and sprinkle soil over the seeds to just cover. Place container in light shade.
Keith A. Bradley
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Secret Woods Buffer and Nature Center, Broward County, Florida
George D. Gann, 2011 In habitat, Dominican Republic
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.