Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small herb, often epiphytic.
About 6-12 inches in height. Usually taller than broad in small patches.
Southern United States west to Arizona and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and Old World. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys and perhaps absent from the middle Keys.
Moist forests and swamps.
Epiphytic; or terrestrial in moist, well-drained humusy leaf litter, acid to neutral pH.
Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; requires moist substrate and high humidity to thrive.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.