Accent or specimen tree in residential and commercial landscapes. Buffer plantings.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium or rarely a large tree with an erect trunk and a slender crown from thin, upright branches. Bark thin, smooth or slightly fissures. Leaves glossy green, with an odor of almonds when crushed, about 2-4 inches long.
Typically 25-35 feet in height; to 53 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Miami-Dade County; West Indies and South America. In Miami-Dade County, known only from the Miami Rock Ridge from Long Pine Key in Everglades National Park northeast to the Miami River; also collected once on Elliott Key in what is now Biscayne National Park, where apparently extirpated. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Moist, well-drained limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed.
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.
Melissa E. Abdo
George D. Gann In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
Don & Joyce Gann
Don & Joyce Gann
Keith A. Bradley
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.