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Additional Sponsors:

Broward Chapter of the
Florida Native Plant Society

Green Isle Gardens

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Veber's Jungle Garden, Inc.



Pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata
Pontederiaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Availability:
Native plant nurseries.
Description:
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
Dimensions:
Typically 2-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad, but spreading and forming large patches.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Widespread in eastern and central North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Also collected on Big Pine Key in the Monroe County Keys, but probably introduced there.
Habitats:
Marshes, sloughs and swamps.
Soils:
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
Nutritional Requirements:
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Purple.
Flower Characteristics:
Showy.
Flowering Season:
Spring-summer.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous urticle.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for wildlife. Nectar plant for many butterflies including: Aaron's skipper (Poanes aaroni), Berry's skipper (Euphyes berryi), Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius), byssus skipper (Problema byssus), clouded skipper (Lerema accius), Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan), dotted skipper (Hesperia attalus), fiery skipper (Hylephila phyleus), Meske's skipper (Hesperia meskei), ocola skipper (Panoquina ocola), Palatka skipper (Euphyes pilatka), palmetto skipper (Euphyes arpa), southern bocken-dash (Wallengrenia otho), twin-spot skipper (Oligoria maculata) and whirlabout (Polites vibex). Wildlife eat the fruits.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.


 


Roger L. Hammer
Susan Trammell
Steven W. Woodmansee
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton