General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small erect herbaceous wildflower.
About 6-12 inches in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and open disturbed sites.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Dark purple to purplish-pink or rarely white with a yellow tip on the upper petal.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Can be grown from seed and division.
The leaves and flowers of this species are extremely variable; local sources are best used.
Horticultural synonyms: P. grandiflora, P. grandiflora var. angustifolia.