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Candyweed, Showy milkwort
Polygala violacea
Polygalaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Small erect herbaceous wildflower.

Dimensions: About 6-12 inches in height. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Pinelands and open disturbed sites.

Soils: Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Dark purple to purplish-pink or rarely white with a yellow tip on the upper petal.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy racemes.

Flowering Season: All year; peak spring-summer.

Fruit: Inconspicuous capsule.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and division.

Comments: The leaves and flowers of this species are extremely variable; local sources are best used.

Horticultural synonyms: P. grandiflora, P. grandiflora var. angustifolia.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: James L. Lange, 2014
Wide-leaved form from barrier islands
in southeastern Florida

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Narrow-leaved form from pine rocklands
in Miami-Dade County


Other data on Polygala violacea available from:



 
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