Please scroll to the bottom for more images.
Sand pine
Pinus clausa
Pinaceae
 

Copyright by: George D. Gann

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. It can also be an attractive accent tree in parks and large residential yards.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A key element of scrub, and the only canopy tree.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Medium to large tree with a cylindrical to conical crown composed of numerous branches. Trunks to 1 foot or more in diameter. Bark gray, thin, brittle, with flaky scales, relatively smooth when young. Needles in bundles of 2s, about 2-3 1/2 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 20-40 feet in height in South Florida; to 106 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States south to Broward and Collier counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Scrub.

Soils: Dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Greenish turning brown.

Flower Characteristics: Cone. Pollination is by wind.

Flowering Season: Spring.

Fruit: Short-stalked brown cone, 2-3" long. Some cones open when mature, other remain closed for 2-4 years or longer, opening irregularly or following fire.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides moderate amounts of food and cover for wildlife.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed. Growth is rapid at first.

Comments: A handsome pine tree for extremely dry soils in South Florida. The trees are flammable, however, and are best kept away from structures such as houses and office buildings.


Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Pinus clausa available from:



 
Resources Links:
Acknowledgements and past sponsors
Find Native Plants!
Become a sponsor!
 
 
Additional Sponsors: