Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Typically 1-2 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Eastern and central United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
Red berry aggregated into a globular body.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds.
Roger L. Hammer
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.