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Erect pricklypear
Opuntia stricta
Cactaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent or specimen shrub.
Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida. Available in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation (239-472-2329).
Description:
Medium bushy succulent shrub, usually armed with yellow spines.
Dimensions:
Typically 3-6 feet in height. Usually about as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies.
Habitats:
Pinelands and coastal uplands, occasionally inland.
Soils:
Moist to periodically inundated brackish sandy or limestone soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Yellow to yellowish-orange.
Flower Characteristics:
Showy.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak spring-summer.
Fruit:
Purplish-red berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for wildlife. Nectar plant for Meske's skipper (Hesperia meskei) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from cuttings and seed. For cuttings, break off mature pad at joint. Let dry for a few days. Set cut end in potting soil several inches deep. Water every 2-3 days. Roots will form soon and initial growth will be rapid. Good drainage is essential.
Comments:
The fruits can be peeled and eaten raw. It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida. Taxonomy: the spineless form more common on the mainland is referable to variety stricta; the spiny form more common in the Florida Keys is referable to variety dillenii, or O. dillenii.


 


James Johnson
Eastern Cuba, 2013
Keith A. Bradley
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Steven W. Woodmansee