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Myrsine, Colicwood
Myrsine cubana
Primulaceae
 

Copyright by: Chuck McCartney, 2014
Long Key Natural Area, Broward County, Florida, USA

General Landscape Uses: Accent shrub. Buffer plantings.

Availability: Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).

Description: Large shrub or small tree with an erect trunk and an irregular narrow crown. Trunks generally 2-3 inches in diameter. Bark smooth, pale gray. Leaves smooth, bright green, about 2-4 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 10-15 feet in height; to 30 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Lake and Dixie counties; West Indies and Central America. Very rare in the upper and middle Monore County Keys. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Moist forests, forest edges and pinelands.

Soils: Moist to seasonally wet, well-drained to poorly-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: Green.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Essentially dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants; sometimes a few perfect flowers are present. The flowers are borne directly on the twigs from the previous year's growth.

Flowering Season: All year; peak fall-winter.

Fruit: Blue to black berry, borne on the stems.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed after coating is removed. Scatter seeds over surface of soil and barely cover. Place container in light shade or full sun.

Comments: Miccosukee Indians used the dried leaves to mix with tobacco. Horticultural synonyms: M. floridana, Rapanea punctata.


Copyright by: Chuck McCartney, 2014
Long Key Natural Area, Broward County, Florida, USA

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Chuck McCartney, 2014
Long Key Natural Area, Broward County, Florida, USA

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Myrsine cubana available from:



 
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