Medium to large herbaceous grass with wiry leaves.
Typically 2-3 feet in height; to 5 feet when in flower. About as broad as tall, except when in flower.
Widespread in much of eastern and central North America south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico and Central America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys, very rare in the upper Keys and very rare or absent in the middle Keys.
Pinelands, marl prairies and marshes.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated freshwater or brackish soils, without humus.
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
James Johnson, 2000 In habitat, Miramar Pineland Natural Area, Broward County, Florida
Keith A. Bradley
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.