Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Vine or clambering shrub.
Sprawling or clambering to 3-10 feet. Usually spreading and broader than tall and can form dense patches.
Monroe County Keys north along the coasts to Brevard and Lee counties; apparently disjunct in Hillsborough County; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Hammocks and pinelands.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Moderate to high; plants growing in extremely dry soils may die during extended periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
Succulent yellow berrylike syncarp.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for Bahamian swallowtail (Heraclides andraemon), cassius blue (Leptotes cassius), Florida duskywing (Ephyriades brunneus), Florida white (Appias drusilla), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes), great southern white (Ascia monuste phileta), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), hammock skipper (Polygonus leo), julia (Dryas iulia), large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe), mangrove skipper (Phocides pigmalion), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus), tropical checkered-skipper (Pyrgus oileus), zestos skipper (Epargyreus zestos) and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
George D. Gann, 2013 In habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Monroe County, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
Melissa E. Abdo
Kristen Finch, 2013 In habitat, Juno Dunes Natural Area, Florida
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.