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Florida mayten
Maytenus phyllanthoides
Celastraceae
 

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes: An occasional element of the ecotone between tidal swamps and rockland hammocks in the Florida Keys. Rare elsewhere.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Medium to large shrub or rarely a small tree with a round-topped crown. Trunks usually short. Bark thin, gray. Leaves flat and fleshy, pale green.

Dimensions: Usually 3-10 feet in height; to 18 feet in South Florida. Often as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Slow.

Range: Monroe and Miami-Dade counties north along the west coast to Levy County; Texas, Bahamas, Cuba and Mexico. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Margins of coastal hammocks along the ecotone with mangrove swamps and salt marshes.

Soils: Moist to periodically inundated, brackish sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: Green.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: Spring-summer.

Fruit: Orangish capsule with 4 seeds enclosed in a bright red aril.

Comments: It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.


Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer


Other data on Maytenus phyllanthoides available from:



 
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