Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large, erect herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 3-4 feet in height, much taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Greater Antilles.
Freshwater marshes, wet prairies and disturbed sites.
Wet, poorly drained soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Can be grown from seed.
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area, Broward County, Florida Expand
Roger L. Hammer
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.