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Christmasberry, Carolina desertthorn
Lycium carolinianum
Solanaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent shrub in low coastal areas.
Availability:
Native plant nurseries.
Description:
Medium shrub with open, usually somewhat spiny branches. Leaves succulent, dull green, small.
Dimensions:
About 6-8 feet in height; rarely to 10 feet. About as broad as tall, but with a very open structure.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Cuba and Mexico.
Habitats:
Coastal berms; margins of mangrove swamps.
Soils:
Periodically innundated to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained brackish soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Lavender to lilac or rarely white.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy, 3/8" wide.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak summer-fall.
Fruit:
Bright red succulent berry. Winter.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae) and other butterflies as well as sphinx moths.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed and cuttings.
Comments:
The bright red fruits are very showy.


 


George D. Gann
Steven W. Woodmansee
Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Susan Trammell
Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013
Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013
Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013

Susan Trammell