General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 inches in height; to 3 feet when in flower. Taller than broad when in flower.
Widespread in eastern North America south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and prairies.
Moist to wet, well-drained to moderately well drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.