General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium shrub with erect stems. Leaves succulent, semi-deciduous.
From 3-10 feet tall. Colonial, forming large patches.
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Not recorded for southeastern Florida except for a single Miami-Dade County collection made by John Kunkell Small and J.J. Carter on Virginia Key in 1906.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to inundated brackish soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed or cuttings.