An occasional element of open coastal uplands and wetlands, including disturbed sites.
Occassionally grown at native plant nurseries in peninsular Florida.
About 3-12 inches in height, broader than tall.
Moderate to fast.
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia and Franklin counties; Southern United States and scattered to the north, West Indies, Central America, and South America.
Mostly disturbed coastal sites.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained to occassionally inundated brackish soils.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Small and ovoid with four nutlets
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste) and other butterflies.
Roger L. Hammer
Keith A. Bradley
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.