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Scorpionstail
Heliotropium angiospermum
Boraginaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes: An occasional and somewhat weedy understory herb in coastal hammocks and thickets.

Availability: Native plant nurseries in south and central Florida. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery (239-939-9663) and in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).

Description: Medium, short-lived herbaceous shrub-like wildflower.

Dimensions: Typically 1-3 feet in height. Usually taller than broad, but sometimes spreading or falling over and broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties; southern Texas, West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Hammocks and disturbed sites.

Soils: Moist, well-drained to moderately well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: White.

Flower Characteristics: Showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous aggregate of 4 nutlets.

Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant for Bahamian swallowtail (Heraclides andraemon), cassius blue (Leptotes cassius), Florida white (Appias drusilla), gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus), great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), Miami blue (Hemiargus thomasi), queen (Danaus gilippus), rudy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) and other butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

Comments: Recruits readily from seed in the garden, but rarely becomes a weed.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Heliotropium angiospermum available from:



 
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