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Fragrant pricklyapples, Caribbean applecactus
Harrisia fragrans
Cactaceae
 

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also spiny buffer plantings.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Medium to large succulent shrub with erect or arching stems covered with short spines.

Dimensions: About 6-12 feet in height. Usually taller than broad, but sometimes spreading and forming large open patches.

Growth Rate: Moderate to fast.

Range: Monroe and Miami-Dade counties; disjunct in St. Lucie, Indian River and Brevard counties, where apparently extirpated. Very rare in the middle Florida Keys.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Coastal hammocks and thickets.

Soils: Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: White.

Flower Characteristics: Showy, but open only at night.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Large, red berry. Edible.

Horticultural Notes: Easily grown from seed. It can also be grown from stem cuttings with the base planted about 2" in the ground.

Comments: Very spiny throughout. It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.


Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: James Johnson, Everglades National Park, 2014

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, 1981

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer


Other data on Harrisia fragrans available from:



 
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