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Blolly, Beeftree
Guapira discolor
Nyctaginaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Accent tree or shrub. Buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes: Common in coastal hammocks along the east coast; rarer as an understory shrub in pine rocklands on the Miami Rock Ridge. Due to geographic variation in morphology, obtaining local germ plasm is recommended.

Availability: Widely cultivated. Available at Indian Trails Native Nursery in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).

Description: Small tree or large shrub with a compact, dense, rounded crown from a stout trunk with spreading branches. Bark smooth, reddish-brown, gray brown, or yellowish, often covered with patches of lichens. Leaves variable, thick or thin, light green and smooth above, around 1 to 2 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 10-25 feet in height; to 34 feet in South Florida. Can be as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys north mostly along the east coast to Brevard County; West Indies. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Little's Hendry county report has not been substantiated.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Hammocks and thickets; understory shrub in pine rocklands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: Greenish-yellow.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.

Flowering Season: All year; peak spring-summer.

Fruit: Bright red berrylike drupe. Usually summer-fall.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Birds eat the fruits.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from de-pulped seeds. Place in light shade or full sun. Germination is usually in 2-3 weeks.

Comments: Taxonomy: plants with smaller, more narrow leaves from the pine rocklands of the Miami Rock Ridge have been described as another species, Torrubia (=Guapira) longifolia, or variety, Pisonia (=Guapira) discolor var. longifolia; plants with hairy leaves from the Florida Keys have also been described as another species, Torrubia (=Guapira) floridana.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Guapira discolor available from:



 
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