Probably native mostly to open, sunny areas in coastal strand now occupied by Brazilian-pepper (Schinus terebithifolius) and other exotics. A good candidate for augmentation following exotic plant removal. Also rare in pine rocklands and mesic flatwoods in Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Typically 3-12 inches in height. Spreading and forming small patches broader than tall.
Endemic to peninsular Florida from Miami-Dade County north along the east coast to St. Johns County; also in Collier and Hendry counties and reported for the Monroe County Keys by Moldenke (1977).
Pinelands and open coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from cuttings without mist.
It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. Horticultural synonyms: Verbena maritima.
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.