General Landscape Uses:
Not recommended for general landscape use. It can be incorporated into habitat restorations but it can be very aggressive, recruiting readily from seed and growing very quickly.
Occasionally grown by enthusiasts.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
1-2 feet in height; generally taller than broad.
Widespread in North America, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America; a naturalized weed in Hawaii and elsewhere.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Coastal and disturbed uplands.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
the flowers are green, subtended by large reddish leafy bracts.