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White stopper
Eugenia axillaris
Myrtaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A relatively common understory or sub-canopy element in hammocks.
Availability:
Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and in Largo at Wilcox Nursery and Landscape (727-595-2073).
Description:
Tall upright shrub or small tree with a small trunk and branches. Bark pale grayish to whitish, smooth. Leaves leathery, dull dark green above; leaf stem reddish.
Dimensions:
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 28 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to slow.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Hendry and Levy counties, mostly along the coast; Bermuda, West Indies, Mexico and Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderately low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water, but tolerates short term inunation by salt water from storm surge with minimal damage.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Light shade to full sun.
Flower Color:
White.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak spring-summer.
Fruit:
Black or reddish berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
An extremely common understory tree in hammocks. Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Birds eat the fruits.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Place in light shade. Germination usually occurs within 1 month.
Comments:
The pinkish new growth is very attractive. Some say white stopper has a "skunky" odor, although many can not detect the smell.


 


Keith A. Bradley
George D. Gann
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
George D. Gann
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley