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Night-blooming epidendrum, Night-scented orchid
Epidendrum nocturnum
Orchidaceae
 

Copyright by: George D. Gann

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A rare epiphyte in hammocks and swamps.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Epiphytic wildflower.

Dimensions: Stems about 2-3 feet in length; erect or pendent.

Growth Rate: Slow.

Range: Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland north to Martin and Lee counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare outside of Collier County. In Broward County, known from two locations; in Palm Beach County, known from one location; perhaps extirpated in Martin County.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Swamps and moist forests.

Soils: Epiphytic; grows on the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist substrate and high humidity and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Light shade.

Flower Color: White.

Flower Characteristics: Showy. Fragrant, especially at night.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Capsule containing numerous minute seeds. Dispersal is by wind.

Horticultural Notes: Primarily grown from seed in a sterilized flask.

Comments: It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.


Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


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