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Gulf Coast spikerush
Eleocharis cellulosa
Cyperaceae
 

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins of ponds and lakes.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A major component of the southern Everglades marshes and other freshwater wetlands.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Medium emergent herbaceous sedge with narrow round stems.

Dimensions: Emergent 1-3 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming large patches.

Growth Rate: Moderate to fast.

Range: Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to Big Pine Key and the lower Keys.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Freshwater and brackish marshes.

Soils: Wet, inundated freshwater or brackish soils.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Brown inflorescence.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy inflorescence.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous achene.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed or divisions.


Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Expand

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Eleocharis cellulosa available from:



 
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