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Gulf Coast spikerush
Eleocharis cellulosa
Cyperaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins of ponds and lakes.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A major component of the southern Everglades marshes and other freshwater wetlands.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Medium emergent herbaceous sedge with narrow round stems.
Dimensions:
Emergent 1-3 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming large patches.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to fast.
Range:
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to Big Pine Key and the lower Keys.
Habitats:
Freshwater and brackish marshes.
Soils:
Wet, inundated freshwater or brackish soils.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Brown inflorescence.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous achene.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed or divisions.


 


James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Shirley Denton
James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Shirley Denton